I understand the idea behind 'hellban' - 'hellbanning' a user is quite equivalent to adding them to ignore list of all users except own; no posts are ever displayed to anyone but the offender (and potentially, depending on system, other hellbanned trolls) and it looks like the troll is simply being entirely ignored by the community.

This seems like a very good idea, but I'm well aware most ideas that look very good at a first glance have more or less downsides.

Besides the obvious limitations - non-trivial registration system, no anonymous/guest access, and risk of playing whack-a-mole with user who has sockpuppet accounts and knows of the hellban system - what are the most serious caveats and downsides of that system? Why isn't it more widespread?

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    I think this is a bit of a broad / discussion-y question, certainly as far as the title goes. The list go could go on for pages. Do you have a particular situation in mind to help narrow it down in scope? (Perhaps: 'I have a user that does X; should we introduce hellbanning for them?')
    – JonW
    Commented Jul 31, 2014 at 13:18

1 Answer 1


I see a few downsides to a hellban. The first is that it is generally unacknowledged that it exists by the administration team. If trolls knew it existed, it'd be trivial to check for. All they need is a second account (or guest account). If that account can't see the original user any longer, they are banned.

Another downside is that you have a known troll, or group of trolls if you allow this group to see one another, utilizing resources with no gain to the community at large. If banned users can interact with one another, I can easily see they forming their own subgroup that "normal" users can't see. These trolls can still see everything (otherwise it'd be obvious they were banned), but they can make inappropriate comments and none of the regular users can see it. You have a subculture that becomes dedicated to seeing who can say the most offensive thing. It is highly unlikely that the administration team cares or sees this trash without taking the step of entering this subculture.

The process of hellbanning should be permanent. If it's not, when the user is unbanned, they will suddenly have interaction with the community again. Others may notice that the person has returned. Inevitably this leads to some thing similar to:

User: Welcome back @formally_banned_user. How was vacation?

Formally Banned User: Back? I didn't leave. I thought everyone was just ignoring me.

User: Ignore you? Hahaha! You are hilarious. I haven't seen a post from you in a month, I just assumed you'd gone on vacation.

Now what do you do? The concept of the hellban is becoming known to the community and soon you run into the problem when it is just a known fact that your community uses it. Now trolls can check if they are banned.

What can you do about these downsides?

I believe that hellbanning, if implemented, should be the final step in a long list of steps. Additionally, it is not for every user that is banned. If a user need a suspension, then it should be acknowledged (somehow, not necessarily with a public shaming) that a user has been suspended for a period of time. This should be a real suspension - they can't interact with the community at all on your platform. When they return, they can have the above conversation and they will know that they'd been suspended. If the problem with this user continues, another suspension may be in order. This escalation provides the administration team with steps to take to help a user improve their behavior. It doesn't immediately exclude a user from the community. The permanence of a hellban is a huge negative. You can't have users reform their ways if they are forever excluded from the community. Everyone has a bad day/week. Should a bad week exclude you forever?

Spammers don't deserve a hell ban. I, as admin, certainly don't want to wander into the cesspool of hell and see it littered with spam. For one, that means that I've given those bots resources that I could have utilized for other aspects of my community. I want them gone, completely.

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    If the banned content is visible to other banned users but not checked by moderators, I'd worry about the legal risks of these posts. Commented Aug 14, 2014 at 16:57
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    Is there a particular reason you'd fear legal action?
    – Andy
    Commented Aug 14, 2014 at 17:00

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